diaspora


diaspora
diaspora, diaspora studies
A diaspora is a dispersion of people throughout the world. The term was first applied collectively to the Jews scattered after the Babylonian captivity, and in the modern period to Jews living outside of Palestine and latterly Israel, but has now been extended to include the situation of any widely spread migrant group.
During the late 1980s and 1990s, diaspora studies oftransnational experiences and communities developed as a self-conscious critique of earlier sociological approaches tointernational migration, this shift in terminology reflecting the more general turn towards globalization as a theme in macrosociology (although post-modernism and post-structuralism are also evident influences). Proponents argue that improvements in transport (such as cheap air fares) and communications (electronic mail, satellite television, the Internet ) have made it possible for diaspora communities, scattered across the globe, to sustain their own distinctive identities, life-styles, and economic ties. The rigid territorial nationalism that defines modern nation-states has in this way been replaced by a series of shifting and contested boundaries. Diaspora studies has spawned many new terms (‘imagined communities’, ‘global ethnospaces’, ‘preimmigration crucibles’) which describe these transnational influences, and the networks and communities under study, to substitute for the conventional terminology of immigration and assimilation. Typical studies would include Paul Gilroy's The Black Atlantic (1993) and Nancy Abelmann and John Lie's Blue Dreams: Korean Americans and the Los Angeles Riots (1995).
Enthusiasts argue that the new diaspora studies detail the complexity, diversity, and fluidity of migrant identities and experiences in a more realistic way than did the older mechanistic theories and models of international migration (which, it is claimed, emphasized unidirectional flows and influences, uprooting of migrants from their societies and cultures of origin, and assimilation via the melting pot into the new host culture). Critics point to the creation of pointless neologisms, abstruse theoretical terminology, apparent disregard for numbers and generalizations, and a tendency to ignore earlier sociological studies of migration (especially where these document complex structures of opportunity and migrant networks in ways which prefigure the new diaspora studies themselves). It is also said that the new diaspora studies unwarrantably overlook structural economic and political influences upon migration. Certainly, many are focused principally upon personal narratives of migrants, and document mainly the popular culture of the diaspora community.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DIASPORA — À la différence du mot hébreu galout («exil»), qui se rattache à la nostalgie des origines, à la théologie du retour, aux thèses sionistes, le terme grec diaspora renvoie objectivement au phénomène historique de la dispersion des juifs à travers… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Diaspora — • The name given to the countries (outside of Palestine) through which the Jews were dispersed, and secondarily to the Jews living in those countries Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Diaspora     Diaspora …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Diáspora — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Diáspora (desambiguación). Diáspora (griego: διασπορά [diasporá], dispersión )? es la dispersión de grupos étnicos o religiosos que han abandonado su lugar de procedencia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Diaspora — Sf (Lebensraum einer) konfessionellen bzw. ethnischen Minderheit per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus kirchen l. diaspora, dieses aus ntl. gr. diasporá (ursprünglich die außerhalb Judäas lebenden Juden ), eigentlich… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Diaspora — Diaspora: Diaspora  дебютный альбом Наташи Атлас. Diaspora (англ.)русск.  компьютерная игра жанра MMORPG. Diaspora  распределённая социальная сеть, построенная на основе одноимённого ПО …   Википедия

  • diaspora — DIÁSPORA s.f. 1. Totalitatea comunităţilor evreieşti dispersate ca urmare a distrugerii Ierusalimului şi alungării populaţiei de Nabucodonosor II, regele Babilonului. 2. p. ext. Grup etnic aflat în afara graniţelor ţării de origine. [pr.: di a ]… …   Dicționar Român

  • Diaspora* — may refer to: Diaspora (social network) Diaspora (software) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point …   Wikipedia

  • diasporă — DIÁSPORĂ f. Grup etnic aflat în afara graniţelor ţării de origine. Diaspora românească din Canada. [Sil. di as ] /<fr. diaspora Trimis de siveco, 30.04.2008. Sursa: NODEX …   Dicționar Român

  • diaspora — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ia, CMc, diasporaorze, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} rozproszenie jakiegoś narodu wśród innych lub wyznawców jakiejś religii wśród wyznawców innych religii, spowodowane zwykle… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • diáspora — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: elevado. Dispersión del pueblo por diversos lugares del mundo: La diáspora es un tema repetido de algunos escritores judíos. 2. Uso/registro: elevado. Dispersión de un conjunto numeroso de personas: En… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española


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